Forensic science is a scientific discipline which is directed to the recognition, identification, individualization and evaluation of physical evidence by the application of the principles and methods of natural sciences for the purpose of administration of criminal justice. It embraces all branches of science and applies to the purposes of law .It is mainly concerned with materials and indirectly through materials with men, places and time. In a nutshell, forensic science aims to help in crime investigation and justice delivery. “Man can tell a lie but the physical evidence not”. Physical evidence can be presented in the court as a mute and unbiased witness. Taking it into the consideration, most of the countries in world have established and authorized the forensic science laboratory to examine the physical evidence. Many countries have been working in the field of forensic for long period of time, however, Nepal Police established Forensic Science Laboratory in 1960 (2017 BS). It has over the years established different Forensic Units gradually.
|Units||Established date in BS|
The erstwhile Royal Judiciary Reform Commission decided to merge the Nepal Police Forensic Laboratory with National Forensic Science Laboratory in 2045 BS. Finally, the then His Majesty’s Government of Nepal reestablished the Central Police Forensic Science Laboratory as per the decision of 2051-10-11 BS as an undertaking of Police Headquarters , Crime Investigation Department. Now, there are eight actively functioning Units equipped with latest and sophisticated equipment like AFIS, GCMS, VSC-6000, DNA test facilities among others.
- Fingerprint Unit/AFIS Unit
- Photography Unit
- Biology/Serology/ DNA unit
- Toxicology Unit
- Chemistry/Narcotics/ Explosives Unit
- Ballistics Unit
- Physics Unit
- Questioned Document Unit
- DNA Profiling Unit
- To analyze physical evidence and provide forensic service,
- To protect human rights,
- To help modernize CPFSL and prepare competent forensic personnel,
- To train the people working in criminal justice system,
- To expedite crime investigation and justice delivery,
- To organize forensic workshop, seminar and conference and interaction programs,
- To coordinate with the stakeholders and national laboratories such as Department of Forensic Medicine, Nepal Bureau of Standard, National Forensic Science Laboratory, National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) etc.
- Conduction of fingerprint training to Constable and Head Constables
- Lab Visit Program for SOCO, Trainee Police Officers, Medical and Law Students, Public Prosecutors and Trainee Section Officers of government of Nepal
- Trainings in different faculties of forensic science for 20 officers from CPFSL in Gujarat University of Forensic Science, Gandhi Nagar, Gujarat in India.
- Strengthening of Central Police Forensic lab with sophisticated equipment and competent Personnel.
- Addition of new units like cyber crime/Digital Forensic Unit, Voice Detection Unit, Wild Life forensic Unit, etc.
- Initiation for membership of Asian Association of Forensic Science (AAFS)
- Expansion of forensic lab in different regions
- Initiation for ISO certification.