The history of policing in Nepal is very old however the formal history begins with the police Act 1955. Since its inception, the Nepal Police has been committed to establish the police organization as a reliable organization for crime prevention, detection and maintaining peace and security as per the spirit of the Police Act, 1955.
"Security is a pre-requisite for development and development is the basis of a secure society” Considering the fact that the main duty of the police is to prevent crime rather than let the crime to happen, the aim is to identify and solve crime-oriented problems in a timely manner with the coordination and cooperation of the general public and the police. In order to bring effective police service to the doorsteps of every citizen, the community police service was launched for the first time in 2039 BS through a door-to-door program called "Community Police Service" (Chhimeki Prahari). In the year 2051 BS, Community Police Service Center was established in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu as a pilot project. In 2069 BS, the concept paper on community police service, community police service operation guideline, and proposed legislation for community service center committees were issued by the then Inspector General of Police in accordance with Rule 161 of the Police Rules 2049 BS. Likewise, In 2073 BS, Police My Friend Policy was issued and programs were conducted. In 2074 BS, "Police in our Tole Operation Directive 2074" was also issued. Currently with the implementation of Community-Police Partnership Concept, inaugurated on 2075 Kartik 11, a total of 25,490 committees including District, Municipal, Ward, Tole, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur and Nepal Scout have been formed and more active and comprehensive programs are being conducted in a large scale.
Objectives of Community Police
- To develop a sense of partnership by maintaining harmony between the citizens and the police and reducing the distance between the police and the people,
- To maintain peace and order in the society by preventing and controlling criminal activities in collaboration with both the citizens and the police,
- To identify problems within the community with the help of the community and take solutions with the help of the community as well,
- To create a prosperous society by doing creative works at the local level,
- To carry out local development works through proper mobilization of local resources,
- To work in the interest of senior citizens, women, children and other backward classes,
- To conduct public awareness campaign against crime and criminal activities by which the citizens can be mobilized automatically,
- To conduct programs on the initiative of the community to motivate women, children and youth in creative activities,
- To establish the relationship between the police and the citizens by creating the feeling that the citizens are the police without uniforms and the police are the citizens with uniforms,
- To create a society free from the fear and terror caused by criminal activities by establishing the concept of rule of law,
Scope of Community Police
- Community Sensitization and Crime Prevention
- Police-School Liaison Programs
- Effective Security Coordination on Local Level Service
- Installment and Expansion of Technical Security Devices including CCTV
- Community Patrolling and Effective Mobilization of police
- Integrated Mobilization of Volunteers
- Creative Support of Community in arresting the absconded Criminals.
- Information Exchange
- Data Collection and Update
- Environmental Protection and controlling the exploitation of natural resources.
Priorities and Activities of Community centric Programs
- Basic Security.
- The service and support provided by the police and local level.
- Installment and expansion of CCTV and other security devices.
- Prevention of crime and violence against the women, children and the senior citizens.
- Prevention of Child Marriage / Dowry System /Chhaupadi / Witchcraft and other social evils.
- Human Trafficking.
- Integrated Mobile Camp (Health and Administration).
- Road Safety.
- Prohibition in illegal drugs and alcohol.
- Disaster Management.
- Cyber Security (Secured use of internet and social media).
- Environmental protection and controlling exploitation of natural resources.
- Priorities and Activities of School centric Programs
- Basic Security Awareness.
- Use of Emergency Numbers (100, 103, 104).
- Crime and violence against women and children.
- Civic responsibilities and prevention of crime.
- Cyber Security.
- Basic laws and human rights.
- Road Safety.
- Prohibition of illegal drugs and negative impacts of alcohol and tobacco related products.
- Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).
- Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Local Levels as the major Partners.
- Formation of a nationwide partnership structure.
- Enhancement of partnership with community and bridging gap between the police and the community.
- Conduction of awareness programs such as school liaison program, domestic violence, traffic education, drug control, door-to-door program.
- Received public trust from the community and has become a pillar of happiness of the civil society.
- Played a role of mediator in the social disputes.
- To form a committee according to the concept of community-police partnership,
- To conduct school centric programs,
- To conduct Community centric Programs,
- To further refine the community-police partnership programs accordingly,